Gold (Au)

Symbol Au
Appearance Metallic Yellow
Atomic Number 79
Atomic Weight 196.9 g/mol
Group 11
Period 6
Block d-block
Phase at STP solid
Melting Point 1337.33 K
Boiling Point 3243 K
Density 19.3 g/cm3

In a pure form, gold is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal.  It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Gold often occurs in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver (as electrum) and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium (gold tellurides).

Gold is a precious metal that has been used for coinage, jewelry, and other arts throughout recorded history. In the past, a gold standard was often implemented as a monetary policy. Gold is also used in infrared shielding, colored-glass production, gold leafing, and tooth restoration. Certain gold salts are still used as anti-inflammatories in medicine.